Canadian politics

Canada is an independent constitutional monarchy and has three tiers of government: federal, provincial, and municipal (for and cities).

Queen Elizabeth II of England is still Canada's head of state, and until 1982 Canada could not make any changes to its constitution without the approval of the British government.

In 1982 the Constitution Act came into effect, which allows Canada to make these changes without British approval. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms was made part of the Constitution in 1982. The Official language Act protects English and French, the two official languages in Canada.

The political party with the most elected members forms the federal government and its leader becomes the Prime Minister. The party with a second largest number of elected members becomes official.

The federal government is based in the capital city of Ottawa.

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